Biodegradable and Recyclable Packaging Material

Biodegradable packaging
Biodegradable packing peanuts

Using biodegradable and recyclable packaging material is part of green living. Finding environmentally frendly alternatives to traditional products is becoming increasingly easy these days. As more products become available, the more choices we have when it comes to combining green living with contemporary life.

In one way or another, packaging materials touch every part of our life. From food packaging through to the packaging of parcels and packages, our use of packaging materials is surprisingly extensive. The growth in the amount of packaging that we use in our daily lives has had an impact on the amount of waste that is generated. Waste that cannot be reused or recycled ends up in landfills where it is left to rot for many years or, in some instances, the packaging is made from materials that will never decompose. By seeking biodegradable and recyclable alternatives we help the environment.

Types of Biodegradable and Recyclable Packaging Material

Fortunately there are many biodegradable and recyclable packaging material alternatives available. These include:

  • Paper and cardboard - paper and cardboard is reusable, recyclable and biodegradable. There are a number of advantages to this type of packaging product, not least the fact that they are readily available. Many packaging manufacturing companies offer an environmentally friendly option which has been created using a high proportion of recycled paper.
  • Corn starch - items made from corn starch are biodegradable and are ideal for items which have a limited use, such as takeaway food. They are good options for all types of food packaging and also make good packaging 'peanuts' to protect and support items when sent through the post. Corn starch packaging biodegrades and has a limited negative impact on the environment.
  • Bubble wrap - this is widely used as a packaging material. Environmentally friendly alternatives include bubble wrap made from recycled polythene and bubble wrap which is completely degradable.
  • Biodegradable plastic - this is now commonly used in plastic bags and is also used in other items such as envelopes used for bulk mailing. This type of plastic starts to decompose when it is exposed to daylight and is a good alternative to traditional plastics.

Making Your Own Environmentally Friendly Packaging Materials

There are a number of ways to make biodegradable and recyclable packaging items at home. Ideas include:

  • Shred newspaper and magazines - this can be used as protective packaging when sending items through the post or storing things at home. The shredded paper will both biodegrade and can be recycled.
  • Food packaging - instead of using disposable food packaging materials, consider using cleaned packaging from other food items. Clean ice cream tubs, for instance, have a variety of uses and reusing them in the home keeps the waste from landfills.
  • Reusable gift packaging - consider presenting gifts in a fabric bag which could later be used as a shopping bag.
  • Keep packaging to use again - for instance, keep large cardboard boxes or other containers for reuse. This is helpful to the environment as well as being a good way to save money.

One of the challenges regarding the use of environmentally friendly packaging isn't so much the packaging that we use ourselves, as this is something we have control over. Instead it is the packaging materials used by manufacturers and suppliers. One way to address this is to continue to question and challenge manufacturers about their packaging policy and to encourage them to look for environmentaly friendly alternatives.

Biodegradable and Recyclable Packaging Material